In the U.S., rising demand for transport fuels combined with the E.P.A.'s Tier 2 Gasoline Sulfur Program requirements are putting increasing pressure on refining industry assets to produce sufficient quantities of low-sulfur fuels. Conversion of coal to gasoline through gasification and methanol conversion efficiently removes sulfur from coal allowing for the production of ultra low sulfur gasoline exceeding current and future sulfur content standards for fuel.
Improving local air quality through the use of cleaner energy is just one part of the environmental challenge. The other is to minimize the environmental impacts of energy production processes, particularly the emission of greenhouse gases such as CO2, which have caused worldwide concern associated with global warming. Through the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology, hydrocarbon conversion facilities can limit CO2 emissions by efficiently capturing it and allowing it to be utilized by oil producers for enhanced oil recovery applications. This not only sequesters most of the CO2, but also increases domestic production of crude oil thereby reducing America’s dependence on foreign oil.